Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in a county, only native status is shown on the map. Sunflowers are native to North America and are one of the easiest flowers to grow. Swamp sunflower can also be shared through saved seed, and germinated in a light, soilless mix. State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. The sunflower is one of only four major crops of global importance native to the United States (blueberry, cranberry, and pecan are the other three). are plants native to the American continents, and one of four seed-bearing species known to have been domesticated in eastern North America.The others are squash [Cucurbita pepo var oviferia], marshelder [Iva annua], and chenopod [Chenopodium berlandieri]).Prehistorically, people used sunflower seeds for ornamental and ceremonial use, as well … They’ve been an important staple food for people and livestock for thousands of years. In fall 2015 Colorado dropped from the fourth-largest producer of sunflowers in the United States to the seventh. The sunflower plant is native to North America and is now harvested around the world. There are about 70 species of sunflowers. The name sunflower comes from the Greek helios "sun" and anthos "flower." Fortunately, a substantial in-state sunflower market exists for birdseed mixes. Sunflowers are an amazingly versatile crop with a fascinating history. All but 3 occur in North America. Below we will feature some Klamath-Siskiyou native plants belonging to the sunflower family. Sunflower Facts. Shapes range from broad and ovate or almost triangular with rough hairs or bristles and toothed margins. They also used the stalks as a building material and as a purple dye for textiles. Missouri birdseed manufacturers consumed an estimated 10,000 tons of sunflower in 1991, most of it from out of state. Helianthus (/ ˌ h iː l i ˈ æ n θ ə s /) is a genus comprising about 70 species of annual and perennial flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae. Argentina and Russia grow the most sunflowers. History: Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is one of the few crop species that originated in North America (most originated in the fertile crescent, Asia or South or Central America).It was probably a "camp follower" of several of the western native American tribes who domesticated the crop (possibly 1000 BC) and then carried it eastward and southward of North America. Fact #5. Sunflower Helianthus annuus . The plant is native to North America and grows well in many locations throughout the continent. True to their name, sunflowers need a healthy amount of sunshine each day — who would’ve guessed, right? As a Florida native, swamp sunflower tolerates our state’s heat and humidity with ease. Sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) The graduate of University of Arkansas - Fort Smith, Carol Ann earned her B.A. Sunflowers are one of the fastest growing flowers. Arkansas native, Carol Ann Carson, has written for OnlyInYourState for three years now. They have been used as a crop in the Midwest dating back a thousand years ago to the time of the Cahokia mound builders in the St. Louis area. One of the easiest flowers to grow, Helianthus thrive in full sun and aren’t picky about soil. The quintessential summer flower, sunflowers (Helianthus) are a truly native American plant and are honored as the state flower in both Kansas and Nebraska. The earliest human use of sunflowers is believed to have been four thousand or more years ago. Kansas is the "Sunflower State." Sunflower got its name because the flowers turn toward the sun. The flower received its name because the blooms and leaves follow the path of the sun each day, facing east in the morning and west in the evening. Their native range also extends through Canada, Northern Mexico and Central America. And Sunflower medicines are used in many tribes. long. Some kinds of sunflowers are grown for food, seeds and oil. The sunflower is also featured on the Kansas quarter, state flag, and even the nickname for Kansas is "The Sunflower State." Plains sunflower is a native prairie plant, and it’s role is to fill the space left when other plants are weakened (similar to ragweeds and other opportunistic species). Native Americans have used the sunflower plants for centuries. The oil is used for skin ailments. About Wild Sunflowers. Their leaves are sticky, dark green, and alternately arranged on the stalk. Native Americans were using native sunflowers for food over 3,000 years ago. Native annual sunflowers reproduce by seeds only and grow to variable heights from 1-14 feet, depending on soil moisture. Sunflowers and Native Americans. Food Source Raw sunflower kernels are nutritious for humans. In September the fields and roadsides of the Great Plains erupt in a blaze of yellow as the sunflowers and goldenrods (also members of the sunflower family) make their presence known to the local pollinating insects. Today, sunflowers remain a highly recognized flower, admired for its sunny … Although wild sunflowers are native to North America, evidence suggests that the American Indians cultivated the crop for use as food: ground into flour and mixed with other vegetables and eaten as a snack. The sunflower is a native of the central United States as well as parts of Mexico. To the Native American, sunflowers represent bountifulness, harvest, abundance, and health. Sunflowers thrive in all 50 states in the U.S., most blooming during the summer months. First and foremost, Kansas is the sunflower state because our weather is perfectly suited for them. Some of the wild … Native to North America. Sunflowers as a genus are native to North and South America, later being introduced to Canada and various other countries throughout the world. Many plants in the Asteracea (Sunflower family) are commonly referred to as sunflowers, especially those with showy, round, yellow flower heads that look like the sun. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the tallest sunflower in the world was 25.5 feet tall. Summer is just around the corner, but some of our native sunflowers are already in bloom! Kansas is special, however, because the flower can be found in every county. If sunflower wasn’t filling that space, another “weedy” species would, and the alternative could be much worse. There are around 60 species of sunflower in North and South America. These sunflowers are very low maintenance. Native American Sunflower Folklore The Minnesota-based pastor, Gilbert Wilson, studied and documented numerous aspects of the Hidasta Tribe lifestyle at the turn of the 20th century in … Sunflowers, in all their colorful glory, are a happy sight to behold—but there's more to their nature than just beauty. Sunflower Habitat. Like potatoes, tomatoes, and corn, the sunflower plant is native to North America. They are native to the United States and they rank as one of the four major crops of global importance. in Library Science. Most are native to the Great Plains, Mexico, and Peru. Wild sunflowers are often photographed with their tall stalks and bright petals stretched towards the sun. A typical sunflower will grow between 8-12 feet in just 6 months. According to the 2013 Colorado Agriculture Statistics publication, the state produced a total of 124.2 million pounds of sunflowers in 2011, but only 55.2 million pounds in 2012. Sunflowers are native to the Americas, which means they were first found in the Americas and the seeds were then carried to and planted in other parts of the world The sunflower originated in America's prairie states and is the state flower of Kansas, where the golden blossoms grow abundantly in fields and along roads. Sunflowers and The Incas. Sunflowers are some of the best types of flowers you should have in your garden.With more than 70 different varieties, these annual plants come in tons of different sizes and colors. The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an annual native to the Southeastern U.S. A University of Missouri journal recognizes North Dakota as the leading U.S. state for sunflower production. It’s sunflower time in the Sunflower State. Kansas State Flower & Floral Emblem Helianthus or Wild Native Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Adopted in 1903. Sunflower, genus of nearly 70 species of herbaceous plants of the aster family. One of the unique aspects about sunflowers is that their heads follow the movement of the sun. Many of the native tribes used the sunflower as their solar deity symbol. Sunflowers are iconic, all-American plants grown by gardeners in every state. The kernels contain 55 percent protein. A sunflower head can produce up to 1,000 seeds. Sunflower, genus Helianthus, has about 70 species. Numerous insects, […] Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosa) is also a tall sunflower, but has shorter (and usually) wider bracts and rather broader leaves. She resides in Western Arkansas' Mountain Frontier but calls NWA home as well. With the increasing interest in ornamental sunflowers and several million acres of land devoted to oilseed production, it's hard to imagine sunflowers as an unpopular plant. 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